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"Mom, what time do we eat? How long is it to get to town?" There are so many daily moments related to the hours of the clock faced by parents who, from Guiainfantil.com, We wanted to respond to a very common need of parents: how to get children to learn the hours of the clock, and it is common to hear in the school stage that parents formulate this query and even ask us for ideas or resources to help them.
The clock hours They are complex, but even more so if they are only worked as an isolated activity and outside the real context. Therefore it is very important that let's get kids used to wearing a watch, both to be able to ask them what time it is directly and for them to indirectly associate a certain time with a certain activity (for example: at 11 a.m. the time in the courtyard or at 5 p.m. when leaving school).
Acquiring this skill will allow them to gain autonomy and confidence in themselves and will help them to be able to relate to the world in a simpler and also more independent way.
At first we always try to advise work and wear analog watches rather than digital watches, and within the digital ones, whenever possible, it is better to set the clock at 24h (marking 13h, 14h, etc.) instead of setting 12h (1h, 2h, etc.).
And now that we know how important it is that children learn the hours of the clock, We are going to see what exercises we can do with them and what material we will use for each of them. As for the material, we will only need any of the following three options, ordered from lowest to highest availability of resources:
- Circles template
On a card or sheet of paper, draw a large circle and, within it, the 12 relevant lines corresponding to the hours.
- Clocks template
You can go online and look for empty watches to print. Another option is to paint a clock on a blackboard and erase the hours as you work with the child.
- Tangible training clocks
Finally, there are specific materials, usually wood, that allow the needles to be moved.
With a periodic training pattern, making use of the aforementioned material and alternating each of the exercises that I explain below, it will be much easier and gradually to understand and memorize the hours.
- Training the minutes 1 by 1
We can mark him a minute hand at any point in the circle and wait for him to tell us the exact minute or we can tell him a number from 1 to 60 waiting for him to find it. Initially you will count lines, but the idea will be to train until you can memorize the placement of each number in the circle.
- Training 5 minutes at a time
Before asking you to place the pointer or to tell us that you would mark the pointer that we placed on it, it is important that you know how to count from 5 to 55 of 5 in 5 with agility. Otherwise, the child will be lost and frustrated.
- Training hours from 1 to 12
Specifying well that now it is about the hours and not the minute hand, we can indicate it in the empty circle until it is able to remember the arrangement of the numbers without counting.
- Training hours from 1 to 24
The case of the hours will be very similar, but explaining that they can be said in two ways and showing them their equivalence (1 is 13h, 2 is 14h, etc.)
- Training the minutes in quarters
It will be easy to explain that as if it were a cake we can divide the clock into quarters (1, 2, 3 and 4 quarters).
- Training the minutes with the concept "less"
From minute 30, we can also count backwards with the word minus right in front (mainly these four numbers: -25, - 20, -10, -5).
- Combining the hours and minutes
Once the previous steps have been internalized, it will be time to extend the exercise to hours and minutes.
- Relating each hour to a habitual activity
Finally, taking advantage of the previous clocks, we can play to imagine what we usually do at those hours (example: 8:00 am at school, 10:00 pm to sleep). It will be super fun!
You can read more articles similar to Fun games for children to learn the clock time, in the On-site Learning category.