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Our children spend many hours throughout the day at school. In educational centers, in addition to learning and having fun, some circumstances can occur that lead to accidents, in most cases without being serious.
Most of these accidents occur during recess, since it is at this time that children run from one place to another and can collide, play ball, jump, etc. Although they can also occur inside classrooms.
But What are the most common accidents of children at school and how should we treat them?
Children often have scrapes on the knees and elbows, caused by minor falls. In the event of this type of wound, the most appropriate thing to do is wash with soap and water to remove gravel or dirt, if it bleeds, plug the wound, we will apply an antiseptic, and if it is a very exposed area we can cover the wound with gauze, although the best thing is to leave it to the air.
If the wound does not stop bleeding after 5 or 10 minutes of pressure, is deep or has an object stuck, we would have to go to the emergency services to treat it.
The continuous falls or accidental bumps without consequences suffered by the little ones while playing lead to the appearance of bruises. Children's legs are the place where they most frequently appear, although we can also find them on the knees, arms and less frequently on the head. These bruises are painless and heal on their own in one to two weeks.
Dermatologists advise applying ice three times a day for the first 48 hours on the area where the hematoma appears. In case the bruise does not change color for more than 14 days or the pain continues, it would be advisable to go to the pediatrician.
3- Nose bleed
Sometimes children bump into each other, or receive and suffer blows to the face, and nosebleeds can occur. In these cases, it is convenient to avoid putting the head back so that it does not swallow blood, but it is advisable to tilt the head forward so that the blood comes out.
It can help to stop the bleeding if we press the wings of the nose with our fingers. If more than 10 minutes elapse when doing this and the bleeding does not stop, we must place a gauze impregnated with hydrogen peroxide inside the nose, and if the blood still does not stop we must go to the doctor.
Ankle sprains are the most common injuries in children from being in constant motion. They are produced by the displacement of the joint in an unusual way, damaging the ligament to a greater or lesser extent.
When the child feels pain in the ankle, the area is inflamed or has difficulty supporting the foot, it is necessary to see a doctor. The treatment will be indicated by the doctor but the usual thing is rest, anti-inflammatories and sometimes rehabilitation.
For the same reason that sprains can cause the dreaded dislocations. Dislocation is a separation of 2 bones in a joint. In these cases, we must immobilize the area, apply ice and transfer the child to the health center. The doctor will repair the dislocation by correctly positioning the joint.
Bone fractures in children are quite common, it is one of the most common accidents of children in school and, due to the characteristics of their bones, they heal in a short time. Children's bones are more elastic and porous and have a great capacity for regeneration. The most common fractures are elbow, forearm, ankle, tibia, and clavicle.
Treatment in case of minor fractures is immobilization of the damaged area for 3 or 4 weeks so that it can weld properly. If the fracture is more severe, it may require a longer immobilization time or even surgery.
7- Head trauma
Most of these injuries are minor because the skull protects the brain. In most cases there are no consequences, since they only cause injuries on the surface of the head such as bruises, wounds and pain in the area of the blow, but sometimes it can cause serious brain injuries.
In most cases the child will only experience pain and will not require medical attention. We must apply ice and analgesic, but we must be aware of the appearance of drowsiness, seizures, fever, confusion, pain that does not stop, ... in these cases we must go immediately to the doctor.
The vitality and energy of children make it difficult to avoid these types of accidents at school. However, we must take precautions to prevent them, such as: preventing children from running around the school, whether in the classroom, in the hallways or in the yard.
Teach them to open doors slowly or with caution to avoid hitting any partner, avoid violent games at recess, do not push colleagues, use caution when going up or down stairs to avoid falls, do not get on chairs or tables or maintain order in the center to avoid tripping.
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