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Air pollution, Ebola, HIV ... and the rejection of vaccines. The anti-vaccine movement is in the crosshairs of the World Health Organization, which this year has included the resignation to vaccinate or vaccinate as a threat to global health in 2019.
The debate 'vaccines yes-vaccines no' is increasingly heated and there are more and more cases that come to us of confrontations between parents in favor and detractors of vaccinating their children. However, the WHO has been forceful in this latest report: not vaccinating children can pose a danger to them and to everyone around them.
According to the WHO, give up vaccination, despite the availability of vaccines, is a threat to progress already achieved in the fight against some of the diseases that can be prevented thanks to these preparations. To support his argument, he gives as an example the situation of measles, which has increased its incidence worldwide by up to 30%. Even in some countries where it had been eradicated, it has re-emerged. However, he points out that behind this increase there are more complex issues that should also be taken into account beyond the rejection of vaccines.
According to data from this organization, vaccines prevent 2 to 3 million deaths per year. And up to 1.5 million more could be prevented by improving access to vaccination worldwide.
The data provided by the World Health Organization indicate that the individual decision of parents, who do not want to vaccinate their childrenIt not only affects the child himself, but the rest of the people around him could suffer the consequences. Among the reasons that can lead these parents to not follow the vaccination schedule is complacency, difficulty in accessing vaccines and lack of confidence, according to the WHO.
In addition to the rejection of vaccines, the list of the main threats to the health and well-being of the world includes these factors as well.
1. Air pollution and climate change
The polluted air that we breathe 9 out of 10 people is a health hazard, as it can damage our respiratory system, the heart, the brain ... It kills 7 million people worldwide prematurely through diseases like cancer.
2. Noncommunicable diseases
Diabetes, cancer or heart disease, along with the rest of non-communicable diseases, are the culprits of 70% of deaths worldwide, that is, 41 million people. A change in lifestyle habits, which include a better diet and more physical activity, are essential to end this threat.
3. The influenza or flu pandemic
Although it is not known when or how severe, the WHO assures that the world will suffer a pandemic of influenza or flu. It will hit the poorest countries hardest.
4. The most fragile environments
More than 20% of the population lives in a complicated environment that prevents them from accessing basic care. Drought, hunger or conflict are some of the obstacles that make life difficult for more than 1.6 billion people in the world.
5. Antimicrobial resistance
Bacteria, parasites and viruses are becoming increasingly resistant to medicines, which poses a threat to our health and to the fight against some diseases such as pneumonia or tuberculosis.
6. Ebola and other dangerous pathogens
Ebola is one of the pathogens that poses a dangerous threat to public health. Therefore, we must be prepared to prevent and fight all emergencies of this type that occur during 2019.
7. A weak health system
There are still many countries that do not have quality primary medical care that guarantees the health of the inhabitants of the area. This poses a serious risk to the communities, which cannot fulfill their right to health.
It is estimated that 40% of suffering from dengue fever if we take into account that there are 390 million infections per year. By 2020, the WHO aims to reduce deaths by 50%.
Despite the great strides that have been made on AIDS through research, it still remains a global threat.
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