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The cold or cold is a condition of the upper respiratory tract, characterized by coughing, secretions, mucus and nasal obstruction, which make it difficult for the child to breathe.
Children and babies with colds They present episodes of nasal obstruction, increased mucus and cough that can be associated with fever and general malaise in children and babies.
The cold is a condition caused by a virus (there are about 200 cold viruses), very common in childhood. They are more frequent when the child or baby begins to go to kindergarten or school, since they will be repeatedly exposed to new viruses.
The 'upper respiratory infection' or 'upper tract catarrh', which is known as catarrh, includes a variety of symptoms that are due to inflammation of the mucosa that lines the airways and that runs from the nose to the bronchi.
The symptoms of colds produced by viruses can affect with rhinitis (runny nose), pharyngitis (sore throat), laryngitis (hoarse cough) or bronchitis (cough and breath sounds). Children and babies can also have a fever when they have a cold.
Babies, having a immune system more immature, they tend to have a fever more frequently, since fever serves to raise the body's defenses. Although they are the most frequent cause of consultation with the pediatrician, they generally heal on their own within about seven days and leave no sequelae.
The cause of colds are almost exclusively viruses. There are more than 200 different types that cause colds. The most common are rhinoviruses.
They pass from one child to another, or from one person to another, through the secretions of the respiratory tract (where they live) that are expelled into the air with coughing and sneezing, or through objects contaminated with these secretions.
They enter the body through the mouth, nose or the thin mucosa that lines the eyes (conjunctiva) and take advantage of the moment when the mucosa cools. It has been shown that the hands are very involved in transmission by contact.
In the case of young children, it is easier to contagion, by sharing objects and toys that suck, and because they tend to come into direct contact with the hands and face.
It is advisable that, before takings or meals, a few drops of physiological saline are administered to the baby or child in the nostrils to clean them well, in addition to giving them plenty of fluids to drink.
It is important for the child to learn to blow his nose correctly. In case of major complications such as sinusitis, otitis, bronchitis ... the pediatrician should be consulted.
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