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Second month of pregnancy. Pregnancy stages

Second month of pregnancy. Pregnancy stages


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In the second month of pregnancy, changes in the woman's body are not very evident. Inside her body, the embryo develops rapidly, but at this time more than physical changes, the woman perceives sensations, which are the result of the hormonal changes that are taking place to house a new being at this stage of pregnancy.

Thus, the heart of the expectant mother increases its heart rate by about ten more beats per minute to also deliver blood to the uterus, placenta and baby. Breathing also accelerates in this important stage of pregnancy and the uterus grows. The muscles of the uterine wall thicken, however, the size of the abdomen does not increase because the uterus remains within the pelvis until after the third month of pregnancy.

In the second month of pregnancy, the future mother will feel tender breasts; the nipples and areola area begin to turn dark. Morning sickness may continue until the end of the first trimester of pregnancy and during this stage of pregnancy. The expectant mother may notice drowsiness during the day and may even feel fatigued and need more rest as her body adjusts to the state of pregnancy. The total amount of blood in the future mother's body increases.

It is recommended that the pregnant woman visit the doctor for a prenatal care exam. It is recommended that you eat a wide variety of healthy foods from the five main food groups: cereals and grains, fruits, vegetables, dairy products and meats, and that you eat five light meals a day. Avoid large or large meals to facilitate your digestion.

Continue to supplement your diet with folic acid during the second and third months of pregnancy to reduce the risk of certain birth defects in the baby's development, such as neural tube defects. And also, take care of your hydration. Drink at least 6 to 8 glasses of water, fruit juice, and / or milk every day.

At this important stage of pregnancy, all the major organs and systems of the body are formed, although they are not fully developed. At around six weeks of pregnancy, the embryo floats in a fluid-filled bubble, which will become the amniotic sac. Parallel to the development of the baby, the yolk sac has grown, which resembles a balloon that is attached to it. The yolk sac has the mission of providing the embryo with all the nutrients it needs until the placenta is fully developed. The placenta can begin to function on its own around the 12th week of gestation.

Around the eighth week of pregnancy, the embryo begins to acquire a more human appearance and its shapes are recognizable. The ears, ankles and wrists are formed. Eyelids also form and grow, but still remain sealed. The fingers and toes are formed. Towards the end of the second month of pregnancy, the fetus already looks more like a little person, measuring 4 cm and weighing 5 g.

Some organs as important as the heart, around 5-6 weeks have a tube shape and begin to function. The heart has four chambers, beats at a rate of about 180 beats per minute, which is twice the rate of an adult heart.

At 9 weeks, the embryo is about 3 cm long and weighs about 3 g. The mouth, intestine, and stomach develop rapidly, but they are not working yet.

You can read more articles similar to Second month of pregnancy. Pregnancy stages, in the category of Stages of pregnancy on site.


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